Budgies (parakeets) can be found natively in the savannas or sparse woodlands of Central Australia.
This can make you believe that budgies will thrive on a warm day or in a hot room, but that’s not the case. Even wild budgies stay in shaded areas and live close to water since they can easily overheat.
The optimal temperature range for budgies is 70-75 degrees Fahrenheit.
If the temperature exceeds 85 degrees, a budgie will feel uncomfortable. If the temperature reaches 90 degrees or more, a budgie is at risk of overheating or heatstroke, which can be fatal.
Domestic budgies can experience heatstroke at 85-95 degrees, so check for signs such as fluffing feathers, raised wings, yawning, panting, and lethargy.
If your budgie acts out of character, this could be in response to excessive heat.
How Hot Is Too Hot For Budgies?
The temperature in a budgie’s living environment shouldn’t exceed 85 degrees Fahrenheit. Even at this level, your budgie may grow uncomfortable and attempt to cool itself down.
Budgies reduce their body temperature by spreading their wings and holding them aloft. This coping mechanism increases airflow and enhances evaporative cooling.
If the temperature exceeds 90 degrees, with prolonged exposure, the budgie may grow ill.
Pay close attention when the budgie starts panting and fluttering its throat, as this is a way to release the excess heat away from its body and shows it’s beginning to reach a concerning level.
A budgie may become dehydrated if exposed to this heat level for too long. Temperatures above 104 degrees Fahrenheit are most likely to be fatal since that increases metabolic heat.
To stay comfortable, the ideal temperature range for budgies is 70-75 degrees.
What Temperature Can Budgies Withstand?
Budgies can withstand temperatures above 104 degrees Fahrenheit. However, this doesn’t mean it’s good for their health or that every budgie will survive. When exposed long-term, it’s usually fatal for budgies.
Since budgies are native to tropical climates, they’re better equipped to handle hot than cold temperatures. Budgies can’t cope with temperatures below 40 degrees Fahrenheit.
According to Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, individual experience with heat will impact how a budgie reacts to exposure. If a budgie has been through a heatwave before, it may react preemptively.
This could include flapping its wings, panting, and seeking water long before the temperature reaches an extreme. This enables a budgie to remain alive longer than budgies who don’t take preemptive action.
Domestication has an impact on how well your budgie copes with heat. Since it hasn’t lived in the wild or experienced routine heat waves, it may be unable to adapt.
This will make it vulnerable to getting sick or dying when exposed to high temperatures that a wild budgie could probably survive.
Can Budgies Overheat?
Budgies can’t perspire, as they don’t have sweat glands to help them deal with extreme heat or regulate their body temperatures when hot.
Instead, budgies release excess heat by promoting airflow through their feathers. An overheating budgie will lift its wings, hold them up, and fluff its feathers.
Budgies release heat through the thinner parts of their skin by redirecting blood flow, including their feet, so many bird species stand in water to cool off.
Budgies won’t be at risk of overheating until they’re exposed to 85 degrees Fahrenheit and above.
How Do I Know If My Budgie Is Too Hot?
Since every budgie is different, it’s important to know the signs of overheating.
One budgie may be OK in a warm room, while another might get sick. By looking for symptoms, you can tell the difference and give your overheated budgie the conditions it needs.
Here’s how to tell if a budgie is too hot:
An overheating budgie will have difficulty breathing as its internal temperature will rise sharply. It’ll gasp for breath, which will result in heavy panting.
A budgie will yawn when the room gets too hot.
According to Science News, yawning in birds signifies rising internal temperatures. Like panting, the budgie is desperate to release heat in any way possible, including through its mouth.
Most budgies that are overheating will fluff their wings persistently to cool down. This may include lifting them away from the body or holding them straight out on either side of their bodies.
The budgie may puff up the feathers across the rest of its body. Since birds’ feathers are insulating, the budgie will be attempting to release heat from its body.
Also, lifting the feathers or flapping its wings will promote airflow.
If you notice a budgie’s throat is vibrating or moving rapidly, check the temperature range in the room.
Overheating can cause the following symptoms:
- Heart palpitations
Budgies get jealous of others, but they rarely display aggression.
If your budgie is starting fights and biting, overheating may have left your budgie frustrated and angry.
Severe Head Titling
Excess heat can cause significant neurological distress to budgies.
A budgie may become disoriented and begin tilting its head without reason. As this persists, it may turn its head almost entirely upside down and lose its balance.
Moving the budgie to a cooler room (not below 60 degrees Fahrenheit) will be beneficial.
Acting Out Of Character
Check the room temperature if a budgie suddenly becomes stressed or acts out of character.
Extreme heat may cause a budgie to move oddly, refuse to sing, or start fights. It may also wander aimlessly in its cage or flutter around for no reason.
If your budgie is moving around and constantly seeking shade, it’s overheated. Don’t expose the cage to direct sunlight. If necessary, move the cage to a shaded area and provide fresh, cool water.
A budgie that’s too hot will be too lethargic to fly around like it usually does. Instead, it’ll remain stationary to preserve energy, as moving around will only cause further weakness.
Do Budgies Like Hot Weather?
Although budgies are suited to warm weather, they dislike very hot weather.
When exposed to repeated heatwaves in their native Australia, mass death has been known to occur across many budgie flocks. While some adapt and endure, it still compromises their health.
While budgies are semi-resilient, they can’t cope with extreme heat indefinitely. If a hot summer arrives, ensure that your budgie has the following:
- A controlled climate
- Plenty of shade, especially if one part of the cage is exposed to direct sunlight
- A constant supply of water and access to a bathing dish
How To Prevent Budgie Heat Stroke
Here are some tips to prevent heatstroke in budgies:
Always position a budgie’s cage in the shade on hot days, especially if you’re out for the day.
Don’t leave it exposed to direct sunlight, even if it has shaded areas within the cage. The sun will move throughout the day, and if you don’t place the items just right, your budgie will still get too much sun.
Budgies love to bathe on overly warm days, so provide a bird bath. Options include a shallow dish or a bathing bowl.
This gives your budgie a chance to:
- Stand in water
- Splash itself
- Soak its feathers
- Stay hydrated, even if its normal water dish runs dry
You can help by spraying your budgie with water every few hours.
Extreme heat will exhaust and dehydrate a budgie. So, provide your budgie with water to ensure it remains hydrated during hot days.